September 2023



Acura is getting ready to introduce its first electric vehicle, the 2024 ZDX and ZDX Type S. With orders slated to begin later this year, Acura has announced that it buyers will only be able to buy a ZDX online, which is similar to other automakers, like Volvo, Ford and GM.

2024 Acura ZDX Prototype

We don’t know yet when the 2024 ZDX will debut, but Acura has released a few teaser photos of a camouflaged ZDX Type S. We do know that the ZDX will be based on GM’s Ultium EV platform, which means that it will share some of its DNA with vehicles, like the Chevy Blazer EV and Cadillac Lyriq. Honda is also getting its own version called the Prologue.

“In 2023, we will see the strategies we’ve been talking about, including growing sales of light truck models, increasing volume of hybrid-electric models and the start of digital sales at Acura,” said Vice President of Sales, Mamadou Diallo. “All this leads toward our vision of 100-percent electrified sales by 2040 to fulfill our ultimately goal of zero emissions by 2050.”


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Travel to Edinburgh, Scotland (Podcast)

Hear about fun things to do in Edinburgh, Scotland as the Amateur Traveler talks to Dan from the Zipping Around the World podcast about his recent trip to the capital of Scotland.

In answer to the question of why someone should go to Edinburgh, Dan says, “The history. If you like a little whiskey, if you like, just greenery, it’s just a wonderful place to go. The people are wonderful English-speaking, so it’s easy for a lot of people to cast their net first. So all those things encompass why you’d want to go to Scotland.”

Dan starts us on the rather touristy Royal Mile that runs from Edinburgh Castle to Holyrood Palace. Yes, it has a lot of whiskey and tourist shops but it also has a lot of history. We stop at an old merchant’s house turned museum at Gladstone’s Land.

We hear about a deacon by day and robber by night who may have influenced the creation of the “Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” and a faithful Scot terrier revered in the city.

We learn about Scottish history at the National Museum of Scotland and the Museum of Edinburgh. Visit St Giles Cathedral which will turn 900 years old in 2024. It was founded by King David the 1st.

We learn about some of Edinburgh’s famous residents who have monuments in the city like Adam Smith the father of economics, John Knox the founder of the Scottish Presbyterian church, and Robert Burns the poet.

At the end of the Royal Mile, you will find the modern Scottish Parliament Building and Holyrood Palace the home of Scottish royal history.

On the next day, Dan takes us up to Edinburgh Castle. If you come in August you might try and get tickets for the Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo an annual performance of international military bands. You could spend a good part of the day just at the castle if you went to all the different museums. There are museums for various regiments, a museum for prisoners of war who were held in the castle, as well as the National War Museum.

See the giant Mons Meg canon or plug your ears if you are there when they fire off the modern canon that is the 1 o’clock gun. The castle also has a palace in it and a chapel that dates back to King David 1st from 1130.

When you come down from the castle, take a stroll in the Princes Street Gardens. But when are ready for another hike with a view, Dan talks about hikes to Salisbury Crags and Arthur’s Seat
or the monuments on Calton Hill like the Nelson Monument and the National Monument. Speaking of monuments you can climb the 287 steps to the top of the Scott Monument dedicated to author Sir Walter Scott.

Dan recommends day trips to Glasgow or St Andrews from Edinburgh and also recommends a trip to see the Stirling Castle and the monument to William Wallace of Braveheart and the Battle of Stirling Bridge fame.

There is much more to see in Scotland, but the beautiful city of Edinburgh is a great introduction to Scotland.

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Show Notes

Royal Mile
Edinburgh Castle
The Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo
Gladstone’s Land
Deacon Brodies Tavern
Greyfriars Bobby
National Museum of Scotland
St Giles Cathedral
Mercat Cross
The Devil’s Advocate
John Knox
Canongate Kirk
Museum of Edinburgh
Scottish Parliament Building
Holyrood Palace
Robert the Bruce
Official Edinburgh Castle Website
Mons Meg
One o’clock Gun
National War Museum
Regimental Museums
The Great Hall – Edinburgh Castle
The Royal Palace – Edinburgh Castle
Prisons of War – Edinburgh Castle
St Margaret’s Chapel – Edinburgh Castle
Princes Street Gardens
Holyrood Park
Arthur’s Seat
Calton Hill
Nelson Monument
The Lookout (restaurant)
Scott Monument
The National Wallace Monument
Stirling Castle


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Amateur Traveler Trips

Castle Photo by Jörg Angeli on Unsplash

Travel to Edinburgh, Scotland (Podcast) | Fun things to do in Edinburgh, Scotland #castle #palace #whiskey #edinburgh #scotland #travel #vacation #trip #holidayTravel to Edinburgh, Scotland (Podcast) | Fun things to do in Edinburgh, Scotland #castle #palace #whiskey #edinburgh #scotland #travel #vacation #trip #holiday


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Divorce has often been a social taboo in Indian culture, especially in the middle class. However, we all agree that sometimes it is just better to separate than to go on living together with a partner with whom it is not working out. In fact, the Hindu Marriage Act has been in effect since 1955, to provide a sound legal framework for the dissolution of marriages. Now, divorces can be a hassle, not to mention expensive. That is why we suggest going for a reputed law firm like Lex Solution so that you can understand the law and not have to worry about unprofessional lawyers trying to rip you off.

There are two types of divorce petitions in India according to section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. These are divorce with mutual consent and contested divorce.

Divorce With Mutual Consent

When both partners are in agreement that their marriage can no longer last, they can file for a mutual consent divorce. Under Section 13B of the Hindu Marriage Act, either partner, as long as they belong to the Hindu, Sikh, Jain, or Buddhist community, can obtain a divorce based on mutual consent.

Conditions for Filing a Mutual Consent Divorce

There are a few conditions that need to be met before filing a divorce based on mutual consent in India:

  • The partners have to live separately for at least 1 year or more
  • They have been unable to live together
  • They should mutually agree that their marriage is unsaveable and should be dissolved

Legal Proceedings

To file for an uncontested divorce in India, The couple must file a petition in the family court of the location they last lived together as a couple. The court after hearing the petitions of both parties, records, and their statements and adjourns for a period of 6 months.

These 6 months are given to the parties as the last chance to settle their differences so as to not make any hasty decisions. After 6 months, if both the husband and wife still stick to their decision to separate, the court confirms their statements. In the second hearing, after the court examines all evidence and statements provided to it, it will grant a divorce to the parties.

The matter of child custody, alimony, maintenance, and distribution of the property or assets should be mutually agreed upon in an uncontested divorce. Child custody can be shared or joint depending upon the mutual agreement and understanding of the couple. There is no minimum or maximum limit too when it comes to supporting (alimony or maintenance). Some mutual consent divorce proceedings can take up to 18 months, depending on the court’s decision.


Contested Divorce

Contested divorces are more common and the messier of divorce types in India. This type of divorce can also be filed by either the husband or the wife. The contested divorce rules in India as mentioned in Section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 are:

  • Adultery – Either of the partners has had voluntary sexual intercourse with a person other than his or her spouse.
  • Cruelty – Has treated their spouse with cruelty i.e., has been abusive.
  • Desertion – Has deserted or has been willfully neglecting their partner, without their consent or against their wishes, for a period of at least two years before the petition has been presented in court.
  • Conversion – Has converted to any other religion.
  • Mental Disorder – Has been suffering from mental illness, arrested development, schizophrenia, or any other psychological disorder that makes them unusually aggressive or unable to function reasonably and requires medical care.
  • Venereal Disease  – Has been suffering from any kind of venereal disease that is communicable (includes Leprosy too).
  • Non-resumption of cohabitation – There has been no resumption of cohabitation for a period of 1 year or more after filing for a judicial separation.
  • Non-restitution of conjugal rights – Cohabitation has not been restored even after a judicial decree has been passed in a previous proceeding or has wilfully refused to consummate the marriage.
  • Presumed Dead – Whereabouts of either spouse have been unknown for over 7 years.
  • Renouncement – Has renounced the worldly life and affairs after entering a religious sect, cult, or order.

Special Provisions for a Wife

There are some special provisions under which a wife may be eligible to file for a contested divorce under 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. These are:

  • In case the husband has or had another wife before marriage with the aggrieved party. Or in case he married after the commencement of their marriage.
  • In case the husband has been guilty of rape, sodomy, or bestiality since their marriage.
  • In case the husband has failed to comply with a maintenance order since they have been living separately and cohabitation has not resumed within a period of 1 year or more.
  • In case the marriage was solemnized before the wife was of legal age.

A divorce can be filed on any of the above grounds. However, it is important to note that either of the two divorce types in India needs corresponding evidence to be submitted to the court proving the validity of the reason for filing the divorce petition. It may take time to be clear to an average person how to confirm any or some of the more sensible reasons for filing a claim. Here is where they should take the assistance of reputed law firms like Lexsolution, so that they can be guided through the process of filing for a divorce claim, without much hassle. These firms can help with post-divorce proceedings too, like the matter of alimony, child custody, and division of assets – movable or otherwise.


To deal with different types of divorce in India, LEX Solutions has the best team of lawyers that are aware of each and every aspect of divorce. Their team is highly skilled and experienced in the divorce domain of law. So if you need to get a fast divorce or settlement, you should immediately contact them and book an appointment right now.

International academic consultant, master teacher trainer, editor, e-content developer, project manager and specializing in education for the Middle East. Hamed has a demonstrated history of working in the education management industry. He is skilled in coaching, staff development, and instructional design.


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Amazon is a popular E-commerce platform, whose services are expanded in many tech innovations in this world. Amazon also provides its cloud services, which is known as a top trusted in the internet world. In 2021, Amazon also invited huge numbers of Crypto & blockchain talents to its blockchain team.

According to reports, Amazon is working to create blockchain gaming and NFTs related platforms and it may come to light in April of this year.

However Amazon didn’t announce this plan officially but in April 2022, Amazon CEO Andy Jassy talked about the future growth of the NFTs sector and also confirmed that the company may consider adopting Cryptocurrencies in the payment options in the future.

At that time Amazon’s CEO said:

“I expect NFTs will continue to grow very significantly. We’re not probably close to adding crypto as a payment mechanism in our retail business. But I do believe over time you’ll see crypto become and it’s possible … it’s possible down the road.”

The latest reports are unofficial but reports were published by trusted news media platforms, so here we can’t ignore this news as a rumour.

Earlier this, when Amazon published its Crypto & blockchain job application then at that time many reports claimed that Amazon was planning to accept Crypto payments but in reality, all that kind of news was based on speculations & rumours and later Amazon officially talked about such reports & confirmed that company has no such plans but surely the company will do study & research on Crypto & Blockchain technology.

It is worth noting that, over the last few months Amazon’s AWS introduced several features for the Crypto companies to show their presence in the web3-based internet innovations.

In mid-Jan 2023, the Ava Labs team confirmed that it established a partnership with Amazon Web Services (AWS) and also confirmed that it will help the web3 devs in the AVAX ecosystem to use Cloud services easily.

Read also: FTX bankruptcy lawyers to drag SBF’s family under investigation to recover funds


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BBA or Bachelors in Business Administration is a 3-year undergraduate program in management that is quite popular with those looking to take the leap into management early in their careers. There are many specializations one can opt for in the course like Finance, Human Resources, Marketing, etc. However, most management institutes in Mumbai that offer a BBA course also have an entrance examination in place to vet the quality of students that get into their program.

Now you might be wondering how to tackle the problem of yet another exam. This article will guide you through that. But before we get into any serious tackling, let us look into what makes you eligible for a BBA course first.


The marks obtained in class 10+2 (Higher Secondary) are really important to get into a BBA programme at any college. As per AICTE (All India Council for Technical Education) norms, eligibility for BBA course starts with securing at least 50% or more (45% for reserved categories) from a recognised board. Of course, different colleges have different cut-off marks for 12th board exams, so make sure you take note of the cutoff for the university of your choice.

Another thing that most colleges take into consideration is the marks you obtained in English in your higher secondary. Make sure it is above 60% just to be on the safe side. The next step is the BBA entrance exam itself. It has to be cleared following which you will be able to proceed with the admission process. Let us dissect the exam now so that we can come up with strategies to master it.

BBA Entrance Exam

The basic syllabus for any BBA entrance examination is made of four subjects or sections – English Proficiency, Logical Reasoning, Quantitative Aptitude, and General Awareness. Most of these exams also have an option for you to either attempt 100 questions in 120 minutes or 150 questions in 120 minutes. Do note that some entrance exams can go as long as 3 hours too, it all depends on the institution conducting it and its criteria.

Since all the questions are usually objective-type questions, speed is of the essence here. All the questions, especially in the math and English sections, should be from what you have already been made familiar with in school so it should not be a cause for concern. Candidates should brush up on their knowledge and skills in all four sections. Math should be a special focus since it can be time-consuming. Let us look into what strategies we can employ in our preparation for any BBA entrance examination.

Time Management

Time management is key in any BBA entrance exam since there are a lot of questions to be solved in a limited time. Speed is of the essence here. Try not to take more than a minute on a single question. Skip the ones you are not sure about since there will be negative markings for wrong answers. Try to learn Vedic math and other math tips and tricks that will help you get correct answers quicker than normal methods.


Basics First

Most questions come from what you have already studied before, so make sure to go back to the basics. Revise the necessary sections from old books of classes 9-12. Find out which sections you are strong at and which you aren’t. Then try to spend more time on the subjects you are weak at. Your strategy should be to train your weak spots while capitalizing on your strengths.


There is no alternative for practice. Practice math and logical reasoning problems daily for a fixed amount of time. Topics like HCF and LCM, square roots, mensuration, profit, and loss can be time-consuming, so try to bring down the time you require to solve them. Use a timer to track your progress over time if needed. Revise stuff like formulae, theorems, and concepts on a daily basis. Also, try to solve previous years’ papers and take plenty of mock tests.

Break it Down

Divide the amount of time you spend studying for each of the four sections on the basis of your strengths and weaknesses. It is also important to approach them differently. For English, you should solve comprehension exercises, brush up on your phrases and idioms, and revise basic grammar and vocabulary. Logical reasoning can be practised online or from previous years’ papers or mock tests. General awareness involves two areas – static GK and current affairs. While basic general knowledge can be brushed up from any source, it is a good idea to make a habit of reading newspapers and magazines to stay up to date with current affairs developments. We have already outlined the various methods to improve your math skills.

BBA Admission Process

After completing the entrance test, the rest of the process needed to get admission into a BBA course is pretty easy. Colleges usually conduct a personal interview after you qualify for the entrance examination. The final consideration is made after combining your academic performance in your 10th and 12th board exams, the marks you obtained in the entrance test, and the review of your personal interview.

Some colleges like UBS, one of the best BBA colleges in Maharashtra also provide BBA direct admission if certain criteria are met. These criteria differ from place to place so make sure to enquire about the college you end up choosing. Some colleges may require you to submit an SOP (Statement of Purpose) too. The rest of the process just involves submitting the required documents and waiting for the letter of approval.

To sum it up, BBA qualifications should not get your knickers in a twist if you have a good preparation strategy that you stick to on a regular basis. Once you figure out your strengths and weaknesses, and how to go about fixing the weaknesses, the rest of the preparation should just be down to revision and discipline. That’s all you need to do to prepare for any BBA entrance examination in any college in the country.

Experienced Educational Consultant with a demonstrated history of working in the education industry. Passionate about early childhood education and empowering educators to make informed instructional decisions to meet the needs of all learners. Skilled in professional development, instructional design, curriculum development, educational marketing, and educational publishing and editing. Strong consulting professional with a M.S.Ed. in Curriculum Development and Instruction from California State University at Fullerton. Currently living is Seoul.


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Engineering is a vast, and fast-growing industry with many specialized areas and fields to work in. This is the field of science and technology which is frequently developing and expanding. It includes various facts and specializations such as electrical, chemical, civil, software, nuclear, mechanical, and many more. Jobs opportunities in engineering are huge with high payments. To grab these opportunities, the aspirants need a degree with relevant skills to impress the recruiters and to perform well in the working environment. Although, have a wide range of job opportunities in the engineering field you will need the skill sets to reach your potential.

Skills are the additional source that enhances your personality and your performance. Learning those skills may help you to create your future by presenting your best in any field of work. As competition is high, only achieving the degree is not enough for any aspirant to go with to uplift their career. Despite the diversity in the work field, skills are always useful for you. To become a successful engineer you need to have some skills like the following.

  1. Creative Thinking – Creativity is one of the important skills for an engineer. Thinking creatively, and having the ability to think and see the situation and generate ideas in a different way should be key focus areas for an engineer. Finding innovative solutions for challenging problems is a desirable skill in every field. Thinking out of the box and generating solutions and ideas are on the demand list. If you feel you are not creative enough then while working and experiencing the skills of others you will improve your skills as much as you can.
  2. Problem Solving – Solving a problem is a key task for an engineer. Engineering another aspect is to solve problems. Their job is to assess the situation and face the challenge and find the right solutions to the problems. Your analytical way of thinking is a needed and essential skill to work in this field. You come across many issues, challenges, and problems you need to create and think of solutions for. You must identify and work on the solutions with your analytical mind and don’t make your problems more complicated for you as this you can learn in the working environment and work experience.
  3. People Skills – This skill may help you to work with a range of people from different backgrounds and cultures. The ability to work with people together is important as many projects cannot be completed without working with other people working on the same project. In the engineering field, you may encounter different people in different jobs or organizations. It would help if you learned to work with other people with different skills, thoughts, and ways of working.
  4. Desire to Learn – Always eager to learn something new is the top skill of an engineer. Never stop learning is the basic skill to have throughout your professional career. Learning something new will help you to grow in your expertise area.  Through this skill, you will be able to understand important topics and work perfectly in that field.
  5. Sustainability – Engineers play a vital role in the sustainable development of society. Engineers are there to handle every challenge and create a solution for it. They help every society in the world with their innovation but their actions should not affect the environment and future generations. This is important as to make present life better. The engineer’s duty is to innovate without harming the environment.
  6.  Prepare for Digital Change – In this digital era, digital technology is advancing day by day. Engineers should prepare themselves to work in a different genre. Learning different digital skills such as AI is becoming necessary as it is needed for the future. Having digital knowledge and skills will lead you to many organizations working in it.
  7. Enterprise – Having enterprise skills will do wonders for engineers to work in any field with different people. An engineer should learn Enterprise skills such as communication, leadership, innovation, teamwork, and resilience. These skills will help you learn how to work with other engineers and in organizations or companies. Let’s discuss these skills in detail:
  • Communication skills – The engineering job is all about a technical individual job with your own laptop or computer, your own desk but the project in which they work needs human discussion and collaboration to complete the project.  Thus there is a demand to communicate effectively in the field of engineering. It is important to talk and listen to the other person (client or other employees) in order to ensure what they need or to listen to their problems and provide them with effective solutions. Great communication skills are needed to communicate with others, in meetings, in designing and implementing projects, and in problem-solving discussions. Engineers should be great at these skills as misunderstandings will lead you to a great problem.  A capable proficient engineer with great communication skills is a valuable asset for a company.
  • Leadership – Leadership skills are a need for modern world engineering.  This skill is often necessary for many types of engineering. Leadership skills add value to your work by helping and guiding others who work with you as a team.  Leadership is to motivate and encourage the team members to complete the project. They take initiative when major issues occur and look for solutions. Leadership skills add value to your personal development skills.  Being a leader you should be able to guide and help others.
  • Innovation – There is a demand for something new i.e. to make things better, stronger, technical, and environmentally friendly. Innovation is a key skill of an engineer. It is important to be innovative in your field to face new challenges and demands. New emerging technology is the new innovative face of the world. Being innovative leads you to be successful and constructive.
  • Teamwork skills – Teamwork is an essential skill to achieve success in completing projects. Engineers should learn this skill to develop a strong relationship with other teammates in order to process a smooth workflow. Working together as a team will allow every employee to learn from each other’s knowledge and experience, to encourage, and support to improve business productivity. Through this skill, you will understand and learn to work as a team with different people to achieve a common goal.
  • Resilience – Resilience is a process of successfully adapting the difficult and challenging environments and experiences. This is a key skill to handling pressure and managing it in the field of engineering.  The projects in this field can be challenging and hard sometimes which have to be completed within the timelines. These jobs can be demanding in many other ways, including long hours of continuous work in any situation and finding solutions within the time limit. You have to adapt yourself to handle these working conditions, as an engineer needs to learn the skills to be effective, flexible, and innovative at the same time. This is a skill to make you move forward regardless of any challenging situation.
Succeed As An Engineer
  1. Attention to Details – Being an engineer you should be a keen observer and précised in your job. Learning the skills to observe every detail in calculations, the material used in the projects, measurements, and many more is pivotal in the field of engineering. When working as an engineer, precision is very important i.e. you should have strong observation and have detailed attention to the work or double-check it for confirmation.
  2. Critical Thinking – It is essential to think critically to develop the sense of analyzing, and evaluating the situation. In engineering, the problem needs to be evaluated correctly before getting results. You need to learn to analyze, i.e. break down the case into different parts and think about the various ways to find the solutions and evaluate the results correctly. These skills help to lead your career to the top and steady.
  3. Technically Updated – Technology is updating, and new technologies are introduced on a regular basis. Engineering is not a course to gain knowledge till graduation or post-graduation. It is a long way to gain knowledge and learn from experience in every stage of your career. Being updated with the latest news and technology is a vital skill set to make your career run a long way. Continuous learning in this field will add value to your grades of career. This is an important skill to learn as an engineer. Make sure you are always updated and learn new every time to be perfect in your work.

Recruiters always hire qualified and skilled aspirants for their organizations. You need to be skilled and trained to face challenges in the real field of engineering. Students get to learn skills in their course of education and job place also. But the beginning of this skill-learning journey begins with qualification duration. Only the best universities focus on both i.e. providing the best qualifications and provide training to develop your skills. We are here to share the best university which focuses on the growth of students during their course duration.

TOMS College of Engineering

TOMS College of Engineering was established 33 years ago and it is located in Mattakara in the Kottayam District of Kerala. This college is approved by AICTE, New Delhi. In TOMS college B. Tech courses are affiliated with APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University (KTU) and the Diploma Courses are affiliated with the Directorate of Technical Education DTE), Government of Kerala. TOMS College is one of the best private engineering colleges in Kerala and offers B.Tech Engineering courses and Polytechnic Diploma Courses.  TOMS is an engineering college that offers traditional disciplines with the introduction of entrepreneurship education that is added to the university’s curriculum.  The college’s main objective is to ensure the best placements for the students. The faculties of the college are best in their subjects, experienced and highly qualified with the aim of shaping the skills of the students.

Thirunilam Educational Trust under the Visveswaraya Group runs TOMS College. The ranking of the college is 2nd position among private Engineering colleges and Ranks at 8th position among all the colleges in Kerala.

B.Tech Engineering in TOMS

AICTE approved colleges in Kerala like TOMS provide the best Btech degree in various domains.TOMS offers B.Tech in an engineering degree program for 4 years duration. It is a full-time course with 60 intakes of seats in each specialization. The B.Tech Fees in Kerala college is Rs. 2, 00,000 /-. The college offers 5 specializations in B.Tech in engineering i.e.

  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Computer Science Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Admission Process

Admission to TOMS College is merit-based; the candidates can apply online as well as offline to get admission to the college. The following steps about the admission process as follows-

  • Candidates can collect the application form from the TOMS office by paying Rs. 500 as application fees.
  • Candidates can also send a demand draft (DD) of Rs 650 through post or courier favoring TOMS College of Engineering payable at Mattakara.
  • Candidates can download the form from the official website of the college –
  • A hard copy of the downloaded form and DD should be sent to the college.

Documents Required

  • Class 10th and class 12th mark sheet/ equivalent certificate.
  • Transfer certificate from the institution last studied
  • Course and conduct certificate from the last studied institution
  • Migration Certificate
  • Original certificate to prove reservation or mark relaxation claims
  • Eligibility certificate of class 12th
  • Two recent passport-sized photographs (colored)

Eligibility Criteria

  • Candidates should have passed class 12th from a recognized board of education with a science stream/polytechnic Diploma
  • Candidates must score at least 45 % aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics / Biotechnology/ Computer Science/ Biology.
  • Candidates must be a minimum of 17 years of age.
  • 50% of seats are reserved as Government quota. The seats were allotted by the Commissioner of Entrance Examinations (CEE), Govt. of Kerala.


Polytechnic colleges in Kerala like TOMS Engineering College is best known for its placement drives and internship programs. The main aim of TOMS College is to provide high-quality education in engineering disciplines and to create a balance of academic, professional, and extracurricular programs in the atmosphere of college to upgrade the skills and knowledge of the students.

Researcher educator specializing in Ed Tech, educational innovations, computer-supported collaborative learning, and technology integration. Based in Singapore.


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Civil Engineering is probably the oldest branch of engineering. It involves the study of planning, design, construction, maintenance, and supervision of new and existing projects. These can include towers, bridges, roads, airports, etc. Btech in civil engineering is a four-year course based on a semester system, whose graduates go on to become site engineers, structural engineers, construction engineers, and so on and so forth.


The eligibility requirements for pursuing a Btech In Civil Engineering are quite similar to those of any other engineering course. However, little details can vary from college to college.

  • 50% or above marks in 10+2 examinations from a recognised board with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Maths) combination
  • Diploma holders in civil engineering are directly eligible for Btech in Civil Engineering in some colleges
  • There is a relaxation (40%) for students of the reserved categories
  • Good marks or ranking in entrance examinations
  • Some colleges have an age limit for aspirants. It is usually between 17 to 24 years in most cases.

Admission Process

The admission criteria for most colleges is having good scores in national or state-level entrance examinations. Each institute has its own cutoff rate on the basis of rankings or percentages in these entrance examinations. Some private colleges of repute even have their own entrance examination on the basis of which seats are allotted. The best engineering colleges in Maharashtra, for example, allot seats on the basis of rankings in the MHT CET. Some private colleges also conduct direct admission on the basis of merit or donations.

Fees and Scholarships

The fees for a full-length (4 years) Btech in civil engineering course runs around 2-6 lakhs on average. Of course, this varies from college to college.

Thankfully, most colleges and universities offer comprehensive scholarship options to meritorious students and students from economically disadvantaged backgrounds. Engineering colleges in Solapur, like Terna College of Engineering, Osmanabad, offer a range of scholarships from academic scholarships, to government scholarships and AICTE scholarships. These scholarships benefit lots of students and waiver costs between INR 10000 to even 100% of the total cost of tuition.


Civil Engineers graduating from B Tech colleges in Maharashtra can choose from a lot of fields to specialize in. These include:

  • Construction Engineering – Deals with the design and management of projects like sewage systems, roadways, etc., in the construction industry
  • Geotechnical Engineering – Deals with how man-made structures interface with the ground they are built on top of
  • Structural Engineering – Deals with creating stable, rigid, and environmentally safe structures
  • Bridge Engineering – Deals with the drawing and construction of bridges with excellent structural integrity and load-bearing capacity
  • Land Development – Deals with the division of land and its allotment for different use cases in close relation with government agencies
  • Transportation Engineering – Deals with the building, construction, planning, design, operation, and maintenance of stable transportation systems like roads, airways, railways, ports, etc
  • Hydraulic Engineering – Deals with the flow, corrosion, and design and development of structures through which liquids flow, like canals or sewage systems.
  • Environmental Engineering – Deals with projects related to environmental safety and protection like air pollution control systems, water reclamation systems, etc.
  • Coastal and Ocean Engineering – Deals with conceptualization and design of structures that interface with oceans like flood control systems, artificial islands, etc.
  • Fire Protection Engineering – deals with the design of safeguards that prevent, control, or mitigate fires
  • General Engineering – Deals with converting a piece of land for use from one purpose to another
  • Irrigation Engineering – Deals with the design, maintenance, etc., of irrigation systems
  • Materials Engineering – Deals with materials used in construction and their application based on their inherent properties
  • Urban Engineering – Deals with Urban Planning and development
  • Water Resources Engineering – Deals with the management and design of water resources like springs, water treatment facilities, etc.
Civil Engineering B.Tech Degree

Subjects in Civil Engineering

A typical syllabus for a civil engineering course in Btech colleges in Solapur may look like this, based on a semester basis:

Semester 1:

  • Physics 1
  • Introduction to Programming
  • Ecology and Environment
  • Introduction to Civil Engineering
  • Functions of Variables
  • Engineering Drawing
  • Physics Lab 1

Semester 2:

  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Civil Engineering: Materials and Construction
  • Physics 2
  • Series and Matrices
  • Chemistry 1
  • Chemistry Lab

Semester 3:

  • Transportation Engineering 1
  • Hydraulic Engineering
  • Surveying
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mathematics

Semester 4:

  • Geotechnical Engineering 1
  •  Transportation Engineering 2
  • Structural Analysis
  • Humanities Elective 1
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Science Electives

Semester 5:

  • Geotechnical Engineering 2
  • Water Resource Engineering
  • Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering Lab
  • Basic RC Design
  • Life Sciences
  • Construction Material Lab

Semester 6:

  • Construction Project Management
  • Humanities Elective 2
  • Basic Steel Design

Semester 7:

Semester 8:

Career Prospects

Graduates of civil engineering from engineering colleges in Solapur, for example, have a lot of career opportunities depending on their specialization. These range from 3-5 LPA for a civil engineer with no specialization to 6-7 LPA for a rare specialization like a Water Resource Engineer or  Environmental Engineer. Experienced civil engineers with specializations can go up to earn even as much as 40 LPA.


Civil engineers are responsible for the design, construction, and maintenance of every structure ever built by humans and ever will be built in the future. Therefore, there is no dearth of scope if you choose to study BTech in Civil Engineering from TERNA College of Engineering, Osmanabad. With benefits like quick job growth, high packages, freedom of imagination, high demand, and the ability to visit exotic places to work on projects, there is no reason not to choose this course for a stable and blooming career.

Experienced Educational Consultant with a demonstrated history of working in the education industry. Passionate about early childhood education and empowering educators to make informed instructional decisions to meet the needs of all learners. Skilled in professional development, instructional design, curriculum development, educational marketing, and educational publishing and editing. Strong consulting professional with a M.S.Ed. in Curriculum Development and Instruction from California State University at Fullerton. Currently living is Seoul.


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It is always fun and interesting to know more literature and learn different writing styles and absorb more knowledge on grammar. The English degree was first introduced in 1828 and now has come a long way. Presently, we can consider it as a distinct degree to pursue in a world where people are running after IT or apathetic jobs.Mansarovar Global University (MGU) located in Sehora, Bhopal is the best university in MP. They offer the foremost education in Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences. Their dedication and ethics to impart students with the best wisdom, values and curriculum have made them one of the best MA colleges in Bhopal.

With that in mind, let us look at some of the key aspects that will decide if a Master’s in English is right for you or not.

Literature is a broad subject to study. MA in English deals with the study of poems, dramas, linguistics, and communication. The curriculum is not only restricted to one country but one has to study content from all over the world and overall period of time. It is a two-year postgraduate course and once completed you have a lot of opportunities waiting for you.

1. Attractive Course Curriculum

MGU which is known as the best private University in Bhopal has the best MA English curriculum. As mentioned earlier, in-depth learning of literature from around the world will have an extensive amount of topics to study. Let’s look in detail at what are some of the core subjects you will get in an MA English degree.

  • English Fiction books-Pride and Prejudice, David Copperfield, Middlemarch, Joseph Andrews
  • Traditional English Drama books-The School for Scandal, She Stoops to Conquer, The way of the world, Volpone
  • Background to English Poetry
  • Teachings of Grammar, Language Skills, Poetry, Drama, and Fiction
  • English Semantics
  • Language and Society
  • Indian Prose Study
  • American Literature
  • Shakespeare- King Lear, Macbeth, Julius Caesar

Along with these, each year students have to submit their research study.

Master's In English

2. Flourishing Job Profiles

Pursuing one of the finest degrees out in the world consequently grants you a permit to a number of unique opportunities. Let us look at some of the job profiles you can pursue after completing your MA English degree

Job Profile Description Average Salary
Content Writer Writing professional and authentic articles for websites that will help engage and attract more audiences. Work with different brands or organizations and write appealing content Approx 2 LPA to 6 LPA
Teacher Imparting knowledge in students and spreading wisdom that will help them to have a bright future. Approx 2 LPA to 5 LPA
Content Editor Editing, phrasing content. Coordinating with content writers for the publication of articles. Marketing or advertising products through content writing. Approx 2 LPA to 8 LPA
Academic Writer Publishing non-fiction work which includes reports, research work, and other academic prose Approx 2 LPA to 6 LPA
English Translator Translating given reports or documents in the English language Approx 2 LPA to 6 LPA
Magazine or Newspaper Editor Writing articles or content for newspapers or magazines, publishing work related to ongoing issues or affairs Approx 2 LPA to 15 LPA
Writer One can always go ahead and publish their own work in fiction or non-fiction work Depends from publication to publication

3. Abroad Job Opportunities

Arts humanities and social sciences courses offer amazing career opportunities to students in India and abroad too. It is imperative to say, the English language is one of the dominating languages in the world. It ranks among the top 5 most spoken languages in the world. One of the best pros of having a master’s degree in English will allow you to seek jobs in other countries as well. If you are someone who loves to travel or is seeking opportunities outside India, then this degree will help you grow anywhere in the world. If one wishes to settle down in another country and work as a copywriter or translator, your Masters’s degree may come in handy. By that, let us look at some of the top countries hiring MA English graduates-

  • United Kingdom
  • United States of America
  • Ireland
  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • South Africa

4. Freelancing Opportunities

Freelancing is one of the hottest things in the market right now. Thanks to the lockdown, everyone has gained the benefits of remote working as well as time management. Self Employment and being your own boss is the best kind of work. It gives you the bandwidth to select your type of work within your own crucial time. Turning over your content writing services on a contract or project basis and getting paid for it. You can build your own client portfolio and establish your name in the market with an increasing number of projects. There is always scope for experimenting with your writing and having a canvas to paint with your own words and expertise in the freelancing world. For this, your Master’s in English degree will be conveniently useful.

5. Improved Personality

There is no doubt by reading such great books and analyzing their work one can gain nothing. Studying renowned work from around the world will give you a sense of accomplishment and uniqueness. Inspecting different concepts and gaining insights from great writers will enhance your writing skills along with your communication and interpersonal skills. You will grow as a person and you will be associated with a field that has an eminent reputation among other fields.


Pursuing an MA English degree will have a huge and beneficial impact on your career growth and will help you overall upgrade as a person. We hope this article gives you clear and conscientious insight into what is lined up for you if you choose to complete an MA English degree and helps you decide whether or not a Masters’s degree in English is right for you. If you are associated with Mansarovar Global University(MGU) and concluding your degree from one of the best MA English colleges in Bhopal will be beneficial for you and grant you a lot of opportunities in your career and wish you all the very best for your future.

Anita Lindquist is the Head of Curriculum in a Secondary School in Stockholm. She is an advocate for excellence in public education and passionate about learning and teaching methodologies.


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BANGKOK (NNT) – China’s will close its e-commerce services in Indonesia and Thailand, retreating from Southeast Asia after a bruising year for China’s retail and technology sectors.

Local websites showed will end its services in Thailand from March 3 and in Indonesia from the end of the same month. Both units will stop taking orders on February 15.

A spokesperson for said in a statement on Monday that the company will continue to serve global markets, including Southeast Asia, through its supply chain infrastructure.

The company, which did not give a reason for the closures, started its e-commerce operation in Indonesia under the name JD.ID in 2015 as a joint venture with Provident Capital, while the Thai platform was launched two years later with the kingdom’s largest retailer Central Group.

However, failed to gain traction against larger players such as Alibaba Group’s Lazada, Sea Ltd’s Shopee and GoTo Group’s Tokopedia.

The company, which also runs the omni-channel retail brand Ochama in Europe, said in November that “new businesses” – including units abroad as well as other ventures such as JD property – accounted for just 2% of total revenue in the third quarter.

In China, the company, like many of its tech peers such as Alibaba, has been battling a slowing economy and the impact of strict curbs, which have prompted cost cutting and worker layoffs.

While has performed better than its peers, posting an 11.4% rise in third-quarter revenue, its chief executive has described the second quarter as the most difficult one since listing in 2014.

Information and Source

Reporter : Paul Rujopakarn

National News Bureau :


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While it’s not mandatory, it doesn’t hurt to make new changes to welcome the new year. After all, most of these changes could set your life on a better path, even career-wise. For those who had a tough last year, sticking to your new year’s resolutions may seem easier said than done. But as long as you know where to start, you’re already on your way there.

Here are some resolutions you can make to boost your career for the new year:

1. Set A Plan

Charging ahead without direction might eventually burn you out and leave you grasping at straws. Despite wanting to improve your career, it’s easy to get lost without knowing how to reach that point. When that happens, you’re more likely to end up someplace you least expected.

Take your time planning what you want to do for your career. Identify any professional development goals you want to achieve within the year; establish each as a stepping stone toward your main goal for the year. Ensure they’re all realistic to make them seem more doable, even if they’re not exactly what you have in mind.

Don’t forget to be forgiving. Even though you keep persevering, there may be too many obstacles hindering your goal and costing you more resources than expected. Instead, set up some room to adjust your plan to your current situation.

2. Learn New Skills

Since it’s the new year, there’s nothing wrong with leaving your comfort zone. After all, the more time goes by, the better industry trends crop up, among other things. Even though you’re confident with your original skills, there’s always more room to grow.

Technology is ever-changing, and any skill you know that focuses on handling technology can make you a little more appealing to employers. However, those unfamiliar with technology must start learning while it’s still early. That way, you can keep up with the demands of the job market.


3. Update Your Information

With so many plans in mind, you’re bound to make changes that bring your skills to the next level; even training courses or seminars can impact them. Since you keep adding more skills to your arsenal for the new year, they deserve all the attention they can get. Thus, remember to update your paperwork with them, especially your resumé.

4. Broaden Connections

It’s human nature to create connections wherever you go. Professional settings require you to build relationships with colleagues and employers to ensure the business runs smoothly. However, only limiting yourself to the same regular people might box you in, which might ruin your chances of boosting your career.

Instead of sticking to the same crowd, start branching out with fresh new faces. Get your name out there by joining networking events that include various experts in the same field as you. Volunteer in projects to give yourself some exposure.

5. Maintain Organization

Starting the year with clutter all over your workspace could easily harm your productivity. Instead of getting overwhelmed by it, consider this an excellent opportunity to manage your work.

Filter your emails or files and delete old, unimportant ones; empty your trash to free up space. Upgrade your to-do list utilizing organizer apps instead of sticky notes. However, you must remain consistent even if you already apply some of these management tips. Practice these every day until they become second nature to you.


6. Request Feedback

Even if you’re doing everything you can to elevate your career, it’s possible to miss a few things. That’s why listening to other people’s feedback is crucial to your growth, especially from your employer. After all, you wouldn’t know how to improve if you had no idea what to work on. Aside from your shortcomings, their evaluation could bring your strengths to light.

Realizing your strengths or weaknesses is an excellent starting point for growth. On top of that,  people can tell whether or not you’re taking the job seriously by considering your performance.

7. Prioritize Yourself

As crucial as it is, working without taking a break will only burn you out. Whether you’ve chosen a career you love or feel indifferent about, continuously pushing yourself to work might make you sick of your job.

Learn to consider your needs, from choosing a career that makes you happy to maintaining a healthy work-life balance. This way, you’ll retain a fresh outlook in elevating your career.

New Year, New You

The start of the year is the best opportunity to turn things around. After all, many aspects of life take time to change, especially for your career. The new year is an excellent chance to welcome a better version of yourself, and learning how to boost your career kicks 2023 off on the right foot.

Gabriella is a licensed educational psychologist and a mental wellness advocate. She specializes in conducting psychological, cognitive, educational, social-emotional, and functional behavioral assessments for children K-12. These assessments are used to identify and diagnose educational and mental health issues, such as ADHD, learning disabilities, autism spectrum disorders, developmental delays, and emotional disabilities. She also provides individual and group counseling, crises counseling services, and parent consultation and training. She lives and works in New York.


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